Planning A Spring Break? These 5 Tips Can Help Minimize Risk
The CDC still advises against nonessential travel, but many infectious disease experts say a trip to the beach or a family vacation can be done pretty safely if you do it right.
If you long to see loved ones or dip your toes in the sand, you're not alone.
It's been over a year since the pandemic locked down most of the U.S., and despite guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to avoid nonessential travel, more Americans are now on the go — booking flights and planning vacations.
And whether you've been vaccinated or not, there are strategies that can reduce the risks of COVID-19 if you do plan to get away.
First things first:
The CDC recently changed its guidelines to greenlight small gatherings between people who've been vaccinated and those who haven't. So now, many older adults — who were first in line for vaccination — feel a newfound freedom to visit their friends,children and grandchildren.
But what if your loved ones live a plane ride or car trip away?
"I would say if you're fully vaccinated and you want to visit children or grandchildren who are not [vaccinated], it's reasonable to make the trip," says Dr. Emily Landon, an infectious disease expert at the University of Chicago.
People are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after the second shot of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, or two weeks after receiving the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Given the risks of isolation and loneliness, visiting loved-ones, "I think that actually counts as essential travel at this point, from a mental health standpoint," Landon says.
The CDC's overall guidance to discourage travel is understandable given that the majority of people in the U.S. are not vaccinated yet and the virus is still circulating widely, Landon says. But the key is to take precautions.
If you are considering a spring get-away, "there are ways to do a family vacation safely," says Dr. Judith Guzman-Cottrill, an infectious disease expert at Oregon Health & Science University, who plans to take a spring break trip, by car, with her husband and two children.
Amid the ongoing pandemic there's no such thing as zero risk, but the extent of the threat depends on the choices you make. "There are safer ways and less safe ways to travel," she says.
So, before you head out, consider these 5 strategies to navigate spring travel.
1. Evaluate the risks
It's important to take precautions, because there's still an ongoing risk of infection.
"We know that it's possible for people who have been vaccinated to become infected and it may be possible for them to transmit the virus to others," explains Dr. William Miller of The Ohio State University.
A growing body of evidence suggests the risk of transmitting virus is low after vaccination, but as the science evolves, it's best to err on the side of caution, especially as more contagious variants circulate.
"When vaccinated people travel, we worry, first, that they might bring an infection to the people they travel to [see] or second, bring an infection back from wherever they travel," Miller says.
So, in order to minimize the risks of travel, consider both your mode of transportation and the activities you choose once you arrive.
2. Plane, train or automobile
The virus spreads when people are in close contact, and it's harder to limit contact in an airport or other busy transportation hubs. So, a car ride is lower risk than a train or plane, "simply because the traveler will encounter fewer people," Miller says.
But, even on a flight, you can minimize risks by wearing a mask (even if you're fully vaccinated) and avoiding crowds at the airport.
So, plan ahead: Eat a meal before you travel and pack snacks so you're not waiting in lines. Print tickets and boarding passes before you go, (or have them ready to display on your mobile device) and, if possible, bring carry-on luggage only, so you won't need to wait in lines to check bags. And remember to wash or sanitize your hands frequently.
Airlines do a good job of filtering and circulating the plane's air, and masks add an additional layer of protection.
"The mask needs to stay on from the time you leave your house until the time you get to your destination, says Emily Landon, and it should fit snugly — with no gaps on the side.
"I prefer the N95 masks," says Dr. Zeke Emanuel of the University of Pennsylvania. If you follow these precautions, the flight can be "a relatively low-risk activity," says Dr. Aaron Carroll, a pediatrician at Indiana University School of Medicine.
3. Set limits — it's not time for a big reunion
If you plan to travel to visit family members, your relatives may be tempted to plan a big gathering. But it's too soon for extended family reunions, says Guzman-Cottrill.
"When groups gather and not all of the people are vaccinated, it puts unvaccinated people at risk," she explains.
For now, it's best to limit get-togethers and take extra precautions if unvaccinated people who are at high risk of serious illness from COVID-19 are included.
"I would recommend staying outdoors where you have good ventilation," including for meals, says Emanuel. Outdoors is always safer than indoors, thanks to to the natural airflow.
And if you are traveling with friends, the same rules apply.If you're not yet vaccinated — as is the case with most young adults — it's best to travel with people you live with or those who have been in your social bubble.
If you stick with this small group, and rent a vacation house together or go on a camping trip, "that sounds reasonably safe," says Carroll. No trip is either 100% safe or completely unsafe, he says. "You can do things more safely or less safely," depending on the choices you make during the trip.
So, when you're out and about, it's best to wear a mask, avoid crowds and remember to wash hands frequently.
4. Stay with the people you came with
If you're venturing out with children, make sure they know that COVID-19 precautions are still in place and will influence some of your vacation choices. Going to a quiet stretch of beach or campground, for example, where there's plenty of personal space, is safer than choosing a crowded resort. (And the same advice holds true for Florida-bound college students!)
Throughout the season, ski resorts have used this chairlift guidance: Ride with people you came with; this is a good general principle for any vacation. It's not time to be cheek by jowl with strangers.
Guzman-Cottrill says her family plans to do some spring skiing, but they will stay by themselves in a condo.
"We'll either cook [meals] on our own or get carryout," she says, "and I feel like it's a safe plan."
And whether you are with family or friends, if you do stay in a hotel, try to limit time in the communal areas; it's safest to avoid the gym. When people work out they breathe hard and that increases the risk of virus transmission.
If you haven't yet been vaccinated "it's not really safe to go to the gym yet," says Miller. Consider outdoor alternatives, such as biking, running or taking a walk.
5. Avoid destinations that have lifted restrictions
Many colleges have canceled their traditional week-long spring breaks, but this isn't stopping some students who are eager for a quick getaway. Already, some have begun crowding beaches in Clearwater Beach, Fla.
"Getting on a plane to travel to an enormous gathering or party where tons of other people are flying from all over the place" is a bad idea, that could lead to the spread of the virus Carroll says. "And then bringing it back home is even worse."
The more crowded a destination, the more potential spread, because you can't control the behavior of people around you. So, aim to avoid places that have relaxed coronavirus restrictions too abruptly.
"I would not go to Texas," says Emily Landon given the lifting of the state mask mandate. In Florida, the state is open for business and has no statewide mask mandate or travel restrictions, which has put local leaders in a tough position.
"If you're going to come here, enjoy our beaches, dine outdoors, wear a mask and be smart," Miami Beach mayor Dan Gelber tells NPR. " But if you think it's 'anything goes,' " he says, 'just don't come here," he says.
Remember, this isn't forever. President Biden has said by July 4, everyone should be comfortable holding small gatherings. The holiday will not only mark our independence as a nation, the President said, it will "mark our independence from this virus."
Infectious disease experts say if we hang on and continue taking precautions, as more Americans get vaccinated, this is realistic.
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