Burning Money: The Facts On California's Soaring Cost To Fight Wildfires
California’s current year-round fire season is producing more extreme and destructive blazes than in the past. Two recent examples are the Carr Fire that’s destroyed more than 1,000 homes in and near Redding — it's already the sixth-most destructive in state history — and the Ferguson Fire that forced the closure of part of Yosemite National Park in late July, at the height of tourist season.
As these fires grow in frequency and severity, the state’s cost to fight them is also increasing — dramatically.
Firefighting costs have more than tripled from $242 million in the 2013 fiscal year to $773 million in the 2018 fiscal year that ended June 30, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, or CalFire.
Those figures, along with the fact that large fires are starting earlier in the year, has state officials worried.
"In past decades, we may have seen a fire that we’re seeing now (such as the Carr Fire), in August or September," CalFire Director Ken Pimlott said during a press conference earlier this week. "We are routinely now seeing fires reach 100,000 acres several times in one month and it’s only July, so we have a long way to go in this fire season, and as we saw last year fire season can go right up through December."
Recent fires among state's most destructive
In seven of the past 10 years, the state’s wildfire costs have surpassed CalFire’s emergency fund budget.
In that time, California has experienced seven of the top 20 most destructive wildfires in its history, according to a CalFire report.
Gov. Jerry Brown at a press conference on Aug. 1 warned that California may be in trouble if these mega fires continue to ravage the state.
"There’s money in this year’s budget. We’re enjoying the ninth year of recovery … But I would say things will get much tighter in the next five years, as the business cycle turns negative and as the fires continue," he said.
One quarter of funds spent in one month
In July alone, the state spent more than $114 million fighting fires, added CalFire spokesperson Daniel Burlant. That’s already about one quarter of its emergency fire budget for the fiscal year that ends in June 2019.
That doesn’t count the vast sums spent by the federal government fighting fires across the state. The U.S. Forest Service’s tab just to fight the Ferguson Fire, which was first reported on July 13, has surpassed $73 million, according to a tweet by the federal agency in early August.
Brown also stressed that California must continue to lessen the effects of climate change, which is blamed for exacerbating the warm and dry conditions that lead to wildfires.
"We’re in uncharted territory," the governor said. "Since civilization emerged 10,000 years ago, we haven’t had this kind of heat condition, and it’s going to continue getting worse. That’s the way it is."
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