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Underground History is one of The Jefferson Exchange's most popular segments.

But why just listen on the radio? We're bringing Underground History above ground with our next edition of Underground History Live -- this time featuring film and TV legend Bruce Campbell!

NASA/Public Domain

"Reduce your carbon footprint" may be an easy phrase to utter, but what does it actually mean?  Consume less energy released from fossil fuels, but what else? 

Detailed practical suggestions for how to reduce climate change impacts can be elusive.  And that's why Southern Oregon Climate Action Now (SOCAN) created its Master Climate Protector training. 

It follows the model of master gardener and master recycler programs, spending weeks educating trainees in climate-friendly practices. 

Andrew Nixon / Capital Public Radio

It's a miserable time of year to be living outdoors, but plenty of people do it all over the country.  And this is the time of year a headcount of those people is taken. 

The federal Department of Housing and Urban Development requires point-in-time (PIT) counts of homeless people, in and out of shelters, in January.    Tonight (January 27th) is the night for the count in Jackson County. 


People coming over the Mexican border and from Muslim countries bear the most scrutiny now, but it was once somebody else: Germans, Irish, Chinese people.  We are a nation of immigrants, but also a nation that occasionally and vociferally opposes the immigration of certain groups of people. 

Erika Lee, historian and professor at the University of Minnesota, lays out the full story, from colonial times until now, in her book America for Americans: A History of Xenophobia

Beyond Toxics

Housing tends to cost a bit less when it's close to factories and other industrial sites.  So it should surprise few people to learn that people tend to get sick from exposure to industrial chemicals more often when they make less money. 

Is that fair?  Beyond Toxics in Eugene says no.  The group is focused on West Eugene, where a cluster of industrial sites appear to impact local residents.

We've excised some of the more derogatory names for people with mental illness from our societal vocabulary.  But that doesn't mean we're any more understanding of the illnesses or the people they affect. 

Once a month we get an education from a regular segment called Compass Radio.  It features members of Southern Oregon Compass House in Medford telling their personal stories of coping with mental illness. 

This month we hear Tia's story of living with PTSD from childhood trauma, and how it continued to affect her life.

OSF via YouTube

The curtain rises soon on another season at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival. It is the first season under the solo direction of Nataki Garrett, installed as artistic director at OSF last year. 

The festival is the center of the region's arts offerings, drawing visitors from around the world to view ten plays on three stages, spread over a nine-month season. 

The Oregon Center for the Arts and Schneider Museum at Southern Oregon University presented a live interview with Nataki Garrett on the SOU campus, Thursday, January 23rd in the Meese Auditorium in the Arts Building. 

Nobuo Fujita wanted to set part of Southern Oregon on fire.  He was a Japanese pilot during World War II, given the task of dropping incendiary devices in the coastal forests near Brookings. 

Fujita's mission was the only manned attack on the U.S. mainland during the war, and it was unsuccessful: the damp forests of Curry County did not burn. 

Years later, Fujita was welcomed back to Brookings as a friend.  His story is told in a documentary film by Ilana Sol, "Samurai in the Oregon Sky."  The film shows in Coos Bay Saturday (January 25th) and Klamath Falls on Friday, February 28. 


Ah, fermentation.  It gives us so much... from pickles to wine and beyond. 

The products of fermentation will be celebrated, explored, and yes, consumed at the first Brine, Brew & Barrel Fermentation Festival in downtown Medford this weekend (January 24-26). 

Workshops will cover fermentation techniques for a wide variety of consumables: kim chee, beer, sourdough bread, and more. 

Lynn Redmile/

Have horns, will travel.  No, not car horns; Peter and Will Anderson are musicians and brothers, and both capable on saxophone and clarinet. 

They've played the Northwest before, and return for a short residency with the Britt Festival education program as well as concerts at Paschal Winery and Ashland High School.  Did we mention they are identical twins? 

United States Department of Health and Human Services

Oregon's legislature spent part of last year working on a bill that would end non-medical exemptions from vaccines for children.  In the end, the House passed the bill, but it was withdrawn in the Senate, part of the deal to bring the Republicans back from a walkout. 

The story across the state line is a bit different: California passed a bill ending non-medical exemptions in 2016.

Film Freeway via Vimeo

The opioid painkiller drugs got the lion's share of attention from law enforcement and media in recent years.  But methamphetamine continues to be a challenge, growing in use in the region as opioids and similar drugs got harder to obtain. 

The situation is not just local; a Canadian paramedic who answered many calls to assist meth users ended up making a documentary film showing the ravages of the drug upon its users and society.  Rodney Bodner, who lives in Manitoba, made "Methamphetamine: Community Under Siege." 


Who do you believe if you don't believe scientists?  It's a hot topic in today's world, where your political party preference--at least in the United States--can often be divined from your position on climate change. 

This is the zone in which Cailin O'Connor focuses her research.


There is a huge difference between knowing the fact that everyone dies, and having to deal with an actual death.  Grief can flatten a human being, sometimes for years. 

The Medford-based nonprofit Winterspring has years of experience helping people cope with their grief, individually and in groups.  And the organization is taking on some new approaches to its work. 


We can't prevent earthquakes from happening, at least at this point in our scientific development. 

What we can do is provide some warning before the full force of an earthquake hits.  Notice the vagueness of the term "some". 

Several earthquake early warning systems are in development and early use on the West Coast, but their approaches and results differ.  How much of a warning is possible?  We put that question to Sarah Minson, a research geophysicist for the U.S. Geological Survey at its Earthquake Science Center in the Bay Area. 


Parents love their children, but sometimes they no longer love each other.  Separation and divorce can get heated, and the tension creates problems in co-parenting children. 

There are businesses that provide the service of delivering a child from one parent to the other, and supervising parental visits.  Case in point: Parenting Time Supervision Services, which serves Southern Oregon communities.

The injury is not bad enough to keep you from exercising, but you need a brace, and the brace feels clunky and hot. 

Enter Bio Skin.  It's the name of a Rogue Valley company and the component of most of its products, braces to support parts of the body that need some support. 

Dean Cropper is the founder of the company, and our guest in this month's edition of The Ground Floor, our business/entrepreneur segment. 

Painter: John Mix Stanley, Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas.

Oregon's heavily white racial present owes much to Oregon's heavily white past.  The territory, then the state, chose to avoid completely the whole slave-vs-free issue by just barring all black people from living here. 

It didn't work.  Some people of African descent lived in Oregon anyway, including the focus of the book Dangerous Subjects: James D. Saules and the Rise of Black Exclusion in Oregon

The book, from Oregon State University Press, shines light on an obscure corner of Oregon history, as little is known about Saules. 

Women's March Redding

A president only gets inaugurated every four years, but the events to protest the inauguration of the current president happen annually.  Case in point: the women's marches, like the one with all the pink hats the day after the Trump inaugural in 2017. 

Many communities have continued to hold such events, including Redding.  The 2020 edition of its march comes on Saturday (January 18th). 

William Smith

If you work in a sensitive industry, you avoid leaks.  Fortunately, we have the other kind of leeks in mind in this month's edition of Savor, our food segment. 

The green relative to garlic and onions is packed with flavor and can be used in many kinds of dishes.  Our Savor partner, food stylist Will Smith, returns with some ideas on preparing dishes with leeks, including a bacon Gruyère leek tart. 

Amber Fry from Fry Family Farm in the Rogue Valley returns with details on leek cultivation.