The Jefferson Exchange Team

Jefferson Exchange Team

The Jefferson Exchange is Jefferson Public Radio's daily talk show focused on news and interests across our region of Southern Oregon and Northern California. John Baxter is the senior producer, April Ehrlich is the producer and Geoffrey Riley hosts the show.

To contact the producers to pitch a segment idea or make a comment about the show, email them at or call 541-552-7075.


You have a bunch of choices to consider for spending a nice, slow, summer day.  Things like whether to bring a beach umbrella or wear sunscreen, whether to bring a chair or a blanket. 

We can help you with one of those choices, what to read on your outing.  Our Summer Reads segment invites people from independent book shops up and down the listening area to visit with their ideas for great books to read on quiet summer days.  Or noisy ones, we're not picky. 

Toni Wheeler of Mendocino Book Company is up this week. 

Ryan Russell Studios via McConnell Foundation

It's been a productive year, rebuilding the parts of Redding scorched by the Carr Fire.  But the work is a long way from being finished. 

We continue our year-later lookback with a visit on the long-term recovery of the Redding area.  The efforts get a boost from the Shasta Regional Community Foundation and the local chapter of the Salvation Army.  Both organizations are members of NorCal CRT (Community Recovery Team).


One of the greatest expenses of making wine is the cost of people. 

Much of the work in maintaining wine grapes, is the cost of doing the work by hand.  Many hands are required.  For now, that is; inventors continue to tweak designs for machines that can prune as well as pick in the vineyards. 

The Viticulture & Enology program at the University of California-Davis is involved in the transition, as is the UC's Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources

Allie Caulfield from Germany/Wikimedia

It's true you can drive right up to some of Northern California's giant redwood trees.  But you can also walk up to them and enjoy the difference in scale between their majestic height and our rather insignificant elevation. 

Plenty of hiking trails exist, and John Soares lists them in a new book: Hike the Parks: Redwood National & State Parks

April Ehrlich/JPR News

We devote several segments of this week's Exchange to a one-year lookback to the Carr Fire and its ongoing effects in the Redding area. 

But JPR News has other avenues of approach to covering wildfire past and present.  Exchange producer and reporter April Ehrlich has been working for months on collecting the individual stories of people who live in communities affected by wildfire. 

Liam Moriarty/JPR News

It may seem like yesterday, but the Carr Fire destroyed all those homes in Redding a full year ago.  The memory is fresh for many people because their homes are not yet rebuilt. 

But the area is continuing to recover from the devastation.  Superior California Economic Development is one of a host of entities helping guide the post-fire recovery. 

Nelsen Family Farm

The drive to get people to eat food grown near their homes continues to produce new initiatives.  The Oregon Farm Bureau, which already celebrated agricultural producers through "Oregon's Bounty," just added a new searchable directory to the online publication. 

One of the beneficiaries is the Nelsen family of the Illinois Valley.  Maybe you saw their farm stand, advertising "Sweet Cron."  The misspelling certainly draws attention. 


Mummies and tetracycline.  Not a combination you hear much about, but mummified bodies from the ancient world show traces of tetracycline. 

So we've had antibiotics for a very long time, just without knowing what they were or what they did.  The trouble came with the constant use of antibiotics once we understood them; now we have bacteria that have developed immunity to antibiotics. 

These are the Superbugs of the title of Dr. Matt McCarthy's book.  He is a physician and teacher and part of a trial to develop a new antibiotic that offers hope of getting past the obstacles of the superbugs. 

Geoffrey Riley | JPR News

The last few fire seasons were hard on everybody who got caught in the smoke.  And that was nearly everybody in our region, at some point in the summer. 

The impact is that much greater on people who already had breathing issues like COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder. 

Reporter Robin Epley at the Chico Enterprise-Record researched the issue for a podcast series called "Inhaled." 

William Smith

Summer flavors are in full swing, and some of the foods growing around us are beginning to ripen.  We celebrate fruit in this month's edition of Savor, our food segment. 

Will Smith returns with tales of the care and preparation of stone fruits, including a recipe for grilled peaches with vanilla cream (below). 

And we get some tips on fruit preservation from the Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center. 


The way we sometimes rail at one another, you'd think we lost sight of the fact that we're all human beings, all related. 

It often seems--particularly in political discussions--that people have suffered grievious harm from the words of another.  And sometimes they have. 

Sarah Schulman steps carefully into this minefield in the book Conflict Is Not Abuse: Overstating Harm, Community Responsibility, and the Duty of Repair


One in five California schools showed lead in tests of drinking water this year.  The state requires all K-12 schools to test and report by July 1st. 

The Environmental Working Group compiled the date from the state Water Resources Control Board.  EWG points out that no lead exposure is considered safe.

Your town may begin to look different in the near future.  A bill that became law in Oregon's recent legislative session changed the zoning of multiple-family homes; they can be built in more places now, including portions of town zoned for single-family homes only. 

The legislature passed the measure, but it's up to local planning departments to enforce the law.  City of Medford Planning Director Matt Brinkley has had some time to research the effects, as has Robin Hostick, who holds the same position in Eugene.

Julius Schorzman, CC BY-SA 2.0,

Have a cup of coffee with a goat, just to say thanks.  One story of the origin of coffee is that a goatherd noticed how frisky his goats got after eating the coffee berries; the goatherd tried them himself. 

That's a long time and a long way from driving up to a window and ordering a double macchiato.  But Mark Pendergrast gets a lot of detail into his book Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World

The book is a re-release, the first edition came out 20 years ago. 

Southern Oregon University

People have known about the benefits of visiting the ocean since long before there was even language for the idea of "tourism."  U.S. Army veteran Paul Kirby noted the salutory effects he got from sea kayaking after he'd been dealing with PTSD and depression. 

And Kirby told his story in a student film produced at Southern Oregon University, "Lodestar."  The film has been accepted for screening at a half-dozen film festivals; Kirby's desire to share his ocean therapy with other vets is the focus of a bill in Congress. 

Linda Tanner, CC BY 2.0,

Members of the region's tribes have a long history of collecting food from the land and water nearby.  But that history has been interrupted by white settlement, and now rates of food insecurity are higher for Native Americans than other group in the country. 

Part of the problem is legal limits to access foods that are still available naturally, from acorns to deer.  University of California-Berkeley researchers tracked the food insecurity of the members of the Karuk, Yurok, Hoopa, and Klamath Tribes

They found issues accessing both traditional and modern foods. 

Matt Betts/Oregon State University

Any discussion of forestry in Oregon usually gets around to old growth forests.  As you follow the debate over cutting or preserving them, you may wonder how to FIND them. 

The group Oregon Wild and one of its staffers address that query, in the book Oregon's Ancient Forests: A Hiking Guide.  Author Chandra LeGue provides details, pictures, and more on places with ancient trees, from the damp forests of the coast to the high and dry areas further east. 


Blanket, sunscreen, shades, cool drink: check, check, check, and check. 

But what will you bring to read on your summer excursion?  That's a question we provide some answers for, in our weekly segment Summer Reads. 

Independent booksellers from around the region join us, and this week it's Bloomsbury Books in Ashland. 


The biggest change in Oregon agriculture in the last ten years involves the explosion in the growth of the wine and cannabis industries.  Both of those--at least the cannabis that gets people high--are under the regulation of the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, OLCC. 

OLCC spends a chunk of July and August holding meetings around the state, to take input from the wine and marijuana industries on issues and concerns.  Sessions in our region start Wednesday in Ashland and Medford. 

U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Public Domain,

You can be forgiven if you hear the news about methamphetamine and think "I saw this movie already."  Methamphetamine trafficking is a major concern once again for the Oregon-Idaho HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area).  In fact, it's generally the top concern.

But opioid-based drugs are also prevalent in the region, and pose concerns for law enforcement and other entities.