1971: The Year That Gave Us Starbucks, Disney World — And A Lower Voting Age
What a big year 1971 was. Here, we break down the 50th anniversaries of some of the biggest health initiatives, some serious industry game-changers, and more.
1971. What a year.
But 1971 was noteworthy for several other standouts as well. It gave rise to new nations, brought legislation that changed the way we live, and created some shrines to consumerism that are intertwined with our cultural existence even today.
Here are some of the high points from that year half a century ago.
1971 introduced us to the caffeine addiction of our lives
It started with an appreciation of Moby Dick and good coffee. Founded by Jerry Baldwin, Gordon Bowker and Zev Siegl, Starbucks opened its very first store in Seattle. Its name comes from Starbuck, the first mate character in Herman Melville's most famous novel. It wouldn't be until the store was taken over by Howard Schultz in 1987 that it resembled the café-style chain we know today and start on its path to becoming the largest coffee chain in the world. As of April, the company had at least 32,938 retail locations worldwide.
It launched big initiatives to promote a healthy lifestyle
In 1971, Nixon signed the National Cancer Act, which and declared the "war on cancer." Cancer had become the second leading cause of death in the U.S. a year earlier, and the act expanded research programs, created databases, and established a National Cancer Advisory Board.
Nixon also declared a war on drugs that year and banned cigarette ads from TV. The last ad promoting cigarettes ran during the Johnny Carson's Tonight Show on Jan. 1, 1971.
Nations were born and others were freed
Originally part of the Bengal region of India, Bangladesh became a nation in 1971, when it declared its independence from Pakistan. Sierra Leone also became a republic that year, having gained its independence from the U.K. 10 years earlier. The United Arab Emirates gained independence from the U.K. and the Trucial States on Dec. 2, 1971.
It was the year Disney World opened
Disney World opened in October 1971, in a move to appeal to fans of Disneyland who lived east of the Mississippi River. Tickets were $3.50 for adults and $1 for children under 12. While Walt Disney died before he could see the park open, his brother Roy completed the project and dedicated it to Disney.
The Nasdaq became the world's first electronic stock market
The Nasdaq Stock Market's beginnings as a quotation system made it the first stock market of its kind. It began operations on Feb. 8, 1971, and helped lower the price difference between sellers and buyers, known as the bid-ask spread. Nasdaq began as an acronym, standing for the "National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations."
The 26th Amendment lowered the voting age
July 1 will mark the anniversary of the ratification of the 26th Amendment to the Constitution, which lowered the national voting age from 21 to 18. Citizens had argued that those old enough to be drafted to war should be able to vote, too. Given the upcoming 1972 elections, the amendment was quickly ratified and certified by the Nixon administration.
It was a year of groovy beats
Marvin Gaye's "What's Going On?," David Bowie's "Changes," John Denver's "Take me Home, Country Roads," all marked the music of 1971. It was a stellar year for rock and inspired a documentary titled "The Year That Music Changed Everything." NPR created a playlist of picks that represent 1971 through its music.
Josie Fischels is an intern on NPR's News Desk.
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