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You Might Learn A 'Little' About Madame Tussaud In New Novel Based On Her Life

Carey's own portrait of Marie Tussaud, whom he describes as a "Dickensian mollusk" of a woman.
Illustration © Edward Carey
Courtesy of Riverhead Books
Carey's own portrait of Marie Tussaud, whom he describes as a "Dickensian mollusk" of a woman.

Madame Tussaud is a familiar name — you may have visited one of her wax museums. But chances are, you don't know a thing about the life of the real Marie Tussaud. For example, she was tiny, which is why writer and artist Edward Carey has called his new novel about her Little.

I met him at the Madame Tussaud's location in New York's Times Square (the biggest one in the U.S.) to find out more about what inspired the book. The massive video billboards and the cacophony of 42nd Street feel like the right setting for a museum filled with famous figures built from wax.

A few doors down from the entrance, a woman hawks discount coupons for the wax museum. Carey points to the sign rising above her, topped with a huge gold hand. "It's Marie Tussaud's enormous hand, as if she was a genie," he says. "She's suddenly become enormous and she's holding a sign that says her name in flashing lights. I think it's just wonderful, pointing out to everybody: This is it, Madame Tussaud is here."

Carey remembers visiting the original wax museum in London as a child: "And it terrified me. I hated going there and I never forgot it."

But he became fascinated with Madame Tussaud when he worked at that museum — many years after those childhood frights. She seemed like a character from a fairy tale, he says. A small woman, she fled the French Revolution, arrived in England with the wax heads of many of the famous people who had lost theirs under the guillotine, and set up a museum that became wildly successful. "It's a strange fairy tale but I feel it is the most extraordinary fairy tale. And it is a fairy tale about this little person and history."

Tussaud began her career in wax under the tutelage of Dr. Philip Curtius, who made body parts of wax for medical students. In the novel, the two move to Paris, and with the help of a despotic widow named Picot, Curtius expands his craft to the sculpting of heads which they display in a converted monkey house for a fee. Later, Tussaud — whom everyone calls "Little" — becomes a companion to a royal princess and lives at the palace of Versailles before the Revolution.

Carey says he did extensive research on the history of that period. "I got lost in the research, and I had to try and take myself back to how it felt working in the waxworks, to how it was being with these dolls, about the atmosphere of the dolls, about the personalities of the dolls themselves."

Which is why we decided to immerse ourselves in the world of these wax figures. The first stop on our tour is the A-list room, where you'll see the stars of the red carpet: Johnny Depp, Angelina Jolie, Brad Pitt, Carrie Underwood, standing stock-still as deafening dance music pounds around them. Visitors move in to stare and have their pictures taken with them.

It's a strange fairy tale but I feel it is the most extraordinary fairy tale. And it is a fairy tale about this little person and history.

"It's a very strange way of looking at humanity," Carey says, straining a little to be heard over the music. "And of course there is now a lady standing next to Anne Hathaway and putting on a smile and holding her arm.There's something both delightful but also very upsetting about it." Carey says that when he worked at the London museum, he loved being alone with the waxworks. "It was my favorite, favorite moment of any day because you'd stand beside them, and when there's nobody here, there is enough oxygen for the models to have their own presence."

The atmosphere changes as we leave the celebrities behind and move toward the rooms filled with historical figures — Amelia Earhart, Albert Einstein, the Kennedys. The original London museum, says Carey, was like the French Revolution brought to life. He remembers seeing some of the original wax heads made by Tussaud herself, like a model of the philosopher Voltaire. "[He] was a waxwork that she made when she was very young, and it was just amazing, Voltaire's toothless grin as an old man, he looked like a monkey. It's an incredible face and they have a different spirit, because she was touching history, she knew these people."

These strange re-creations of human beings captured Carey's visual imagination, and it got him thinking about writing and illustrating a book. But what really inspired him was Madame Tussaud's own self-portrait in wax. "She is incredible, this tiny little Dickensian mollusk of a woman; she's wearing Victorian bombazine and she looks kind of small and wise and she is in charge, there's no doubt about it."

Fiction, it turns out, was a good way to capture her — because Madame Tussaud is an enigma. No one is sure how much of what she said about her life is true. And, Carey says, "Nobody ever took a photograph of her, which seems to me perfect. Not her medium. She was wax."

This story was produced for the radio by Tom Cole and adapted for the Web by Petra Mayer.

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Lynn Neary
Lynn Neary is an NPR arts correspondent covering books and publishing.